Good Bills 2017
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 7
is a busy day for hearings on bills to:
protect human health, bees, butterflies – HB 1282, HB 253, HB 1571, HB 790
have the right to clean drinking water – HB 1582
protect our islands’ shorelines – HB 437
Submit testimony online for one or more bills:
If this is your first time submitting testimony, you need to register. Use this link and click Register in the top right hand corner of the page:
In the middle of the next page there will be blanks to type your name, email address, verify email address, type in a password, click box to agree to the terms of a privacy agreement, and click box to “create user.”
Hearing Tuesday 2/7:
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE (lead committee) and COMMITTEE ON ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
HB 1282 INSECTICIDE AND HERBICIDE USE
The purpose of HB 1282 is to:
- Protect pollinators, including honeybees, native honeycreeper birds, Hawaiian yellow-faced bees, and the Kamehameha butterfly.
- Help prevent the loss of biodiversity including the loss of the milkweed plant, a key food source for the monarch butterfly.
- Grant each county the authority to adopt a rule or ordinance placing stricter limitations on the use of neonicotinoid insecticides or glyphosate herbicides than found in HRS 149A (Hawaii Pesticides Law)
- Prohibit the use of neonicotinoid insecticides or glyphosate herbicide weed killers, without a state or federally issued license or State permit.
- Bees that feed on neonicotinoid-contaminated pollen and nectar forage less and produce fewer offspring, according to new scientific studies.
- In 2013 the European Union voted to suspend the use of neonicotinoids.
- In 2015 the EPA put a moratorium on approvals for new outdoor uses of neonicotinoids
- Since 2016 the US Fish and Wildlife Service has prohibited uses of neonicotinoid pesticides
- Neonicotinoids are a new class of insecticides chemically related to nicotine. Like nicotine, the neonicotinoids act on certain kinds of receptors in the nerve synapses and are much more toxic to invertebrates, like insects, than they are to mammals.
HB 253 RELATING TO PESTICIDES
The purpose of HB 253 is to ban the use of pesticides containing the active ingredient chlorpyrifos
- In 2014 the EPA issued a revised human health risk assessment showing potential risks to drinking water and human health where chlorpyrifos is used
- According to the EPA chlorpyrifos can over-stimulate the nervous system, causing nausea, dizziness and at very high exposures, respiratory paralysis or death.
- Scientific studies show that children or pregnant women exposed to chlorpyrifos in small amounts my cause development delays, permanently reduced cognitive capacity and learning disabilities.
- Chlorpyrifos, introduced in 1965 by Dow Chemical Company, is used to control many different kinds of pests and is known by many trade names including Dursban and Lorsban.
HB 1571 RELATING TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The purpose of HB 1571 is to protect the State’s children from unintended impacts of large-scale agricultural pesticide use by:
- Making the reporting guidelines of the Kauai agricultural good neighbor program mandatory for large-scale, outdoor commercial agricultural operations on each island.
- Establishing disclosure and public notification requirements for outdoor applications of pesticides near schools, healthcare, childcare, eldercare facilities and other sensitive areas
- Establishing a pilot program of vegetative buffer zones around selected schools on Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Hawaii and Molokai.
- Children can unknowingly be exposed to pesticides applied on school ground, pesticides that drift onto school grounds and pesticide residues.
- Currently, the State does not have an adequate regulatory structure in place to monitor the impacts on human health of pesticide drift
- The State lacks sufficient data on pesticide use and human and environmental exposure.
- The direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts on the environment and human health related to long-term intensive commercial use of pesticides has not been properly or independently evaluated
Hearing Tuesday 2/7:
COMMITTEE ON ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (lead committee) and COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
HB 790 RELATING TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The purpose of HB 790 is to protect children, human health, and the environment by adding a new section to HRS 149A. To be added in HRS 149A-B Pesticide Mandatory Disclosure are:
- Mandatory disclosure and notification of outdoor pesticide use on affected school grounds; notify parents; keep records of and report pesticide outdoor use.
- Mandatory disclosure of any commercial agricultural pesticide purchases; use of all pesticides. Requires public posting of pesticide outdoor application; public warning signs; 24-hour resident notification.
- Public warning signs shall remain posted during outdoor application of any pesticide and until expiration of the applicable restricted-entry interval established by EPA.
- Requires rules for listing pesticides used outdoor; total quantities used for each pesticide; description of area where pesticide was used
- Grants Dept. of Health authority to levy fines for each day of violation and grants citizens right to bring a lawsuit.
- Allows counties to regulate pesticide notification, pesticide use and establishment of buffer zones
Hearing Tuesday 2/7: COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY
HB 1582 PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE 1, SECTION 2, OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF HAWAII TO INCLUDE ACCESS TO CLEAN DRINKING WATER, EDUCATION AND HEALTH CARE AMONG THE INHERENT AND INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS
The purpose of this proposed amendment to Article 1, section 2 Rights of Individuals of the State Constitution is:
- To allow the people of Hawaii an opportunity to affirm the importance of access to basic necessities for themselves and future generations
- Provide guidance to elected leaders to boldly address these growing challenges
- Ensure the individual rights of all people to clean drinking water, meaningful healthcare, and a quality education
- The question on the ballot will be: “Shall the state constitution be amended to ensure that access to clean water, meaningful health care, and a quality education are among the inherent and inalienable rights of individuals?”
Hearing Tuesday 2/7:
COMMITTEE ON OCEAN, MARINE RESOURCES (lead committee) and HAWAIIAN AFFAIRS
HB 437 RELATING TO COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
HB 437 helps protect our state’s coastlines.
(d) No variance for the construction of a seawall in the shoreline area shall be approved unless the applicant demonstrates that the seawall is necessary to protect an existing legal object, structure, or activity from damage due to seawater inundation or shoreline erosion and the object or structure cannot reasonably be protected by relocating it outside of the shoreline area.
To determine whether a variance for a seawall may be approved, the authority shall consider:
(1) The feasibility and cost of relocating the relevant structures, objects, or activities outside of the shoreline area;
(2) The likelihood that damage will occur if the seawall is not constructed and the likely severity of that damage; and
(3) The availability of alternate means to protect the relevant objects, structures, or activities.
- numbers (1) and (2) be deleted from this bill because it will always be too expensive to move a house or hotel near the shoreline
- number (3) be kept to ensure that alternatives to seawalls, which alter and harden the shoreline and cause sand erosion from beaches, are evaluated before granting a variance for a seawall
Submitted by Hawaii Thousand Friends